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Cologne 1870

Albert Goodwin (1845-1932)


Signed, inscribed with title and dated 1900


10 x 14 ¾ inches

'The Jimmy James Collection', Chris Beetles Gallery, London, October 2022

On 19 July 1870, the French Empire declared war on the Kingdom of Prussia. The southern German states took the side of Prussia in accordance with their defensive alliances and victories in August and September 1870, over the French armies led to the willingness of the Southern German princes to join the North German Confederation.

On 9 and 10 December 1870, the Reichstag voted to offer the Emperor's title to the Prussian king. In addition, the country was to be renamed "German Reich". This became effective on 1 January 1871 with a new constitution.

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