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Yorkshire-born Archer Baker (1845-1910) emigrated as a young man to Ontario, Canada, to work for the Canadian Pacific Railway. In 1905, he was appointed the European Manager of the CPR. He died of pneumonia in January 1910, the month of his appearance in Vanity Fair.
"Situated opposite the Nelson Monument [the European office] forms one of the landmarks of Trafalgar Square, and Archer Baker, to whose shrewd brain the magnitude of Canadian Pacific interests in Europe is so largely due, may well be proud of this, the tangible proof of his success. Yet no man is more modest"
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Though Archer Baker did appear in Vanity Fair on 13 January 1910 as ‘Men of the Day no 1212’, in later reproductions and albums of Vanity Fair, his portrait has been replaced by that of Solomon Barnato Joel (1865-1931), a wealthy businessman and racehorse breeder, painted by an artist who signed ‘H.C.O’, about whom little is known. It is possible that this change was made due to Archer Baker’s death at the time of his Vanity Fair portrait.