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The father of wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Lord Randolph Churchill (1849-1895) first rose to prominence in the House of Commons as a member of what became known as the ‘Fourth Party’, a group of young Conservatives extremely critical of not only the Liberal opposition but also the Conservative front bench. In 1880, Churchill appeared in a caricature by Spy in Vanity Fair as part of this group, along with Sir Henry Drummond-Wolff, Sir John Gorst and Arthur Balfour. Churchill’s first cabinet position was Secretary of State for India from 1885 to 1886 under Lord Salisbury. On 3 August 1886 he was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons. He held these positions until December of the same year, when he suddenly resigned.